Thursday, April 2, 2015
Tech Bubble 2: Valuation Boogaloo
There's so much media attention on a technology boom. Maybe it's because I read Business Insider, but the amount of focus and VC investment in technology companies seems like we've passed over into 'Ludicrous Speed'
I checked some numbers real quick and there was over $48 billion invested in VC deals in 2014. That's a 61% increase in dollars from the previous year, with only a 4% increase in number of transactions.
So there aren't that many more companies raising money, there are mostly companies raising much MORE money than previously. These are headlined by your 'Unicorn' startups, a term that's emerged for companies with over $1 billion dollar valuations. Companies like Uber, which continuously raise tons of capital and increasing valuations to fund more and more growth.
But at some point the music stops, no? Many of the companies that raise increasing amounts of funding aren't profitable, and while they appear to have better business models than the startups of the first dot-com bubble, it's unclear whether many of these business are truly sustainable without increasing valuations and more VC dollars.
The companies are aided by the fact that it's pretty freaking hard to find good returns these days, with extremely low interest rates and an increasingly generalized consensus that equities are highly priced. That means there's lots of investors looking to put dollars to work and try and get big returns. I'll come back to that in a second.
It also concerns me when I read articles like this one
...more elite college graduates and MBAs are foregoing pinstripes and moving West.
Only 10% of MIT undergraduates went into finance last year, according to a recent New York Times article — a startlingly drop from the 31% who took Wall Street jobs in 2006. "Software companies, meanwhile, hired 28% of graduates in 2014, compared with 10% in 2006," it reports.
Similarly, in 2014 San Francisco and the Bay Area drew slightly more Harvard Business School graduates than New York.
Now I'm no advocate for banking jobs as the one and true calling - but if there's one thing I feel pretty comfortable in, it's that when you see MBAs crowding into an industry, it's time to get the hell out (and I feel comfortable saying this as a member of the club).
I've read a couple other pieces of news, and had some more conversations, with people at buzz-worthy startups, and frankly, what they are saying terrifies me.
They basically say that it's extremely easy to get money. People are offering them dollars with almost no questions asked, just trying to get into a deal. It makes it all the easier to see why valuations keep climbing if that's the environment we're living in.
But as valuations get higher and higher - one thing I'm really struggling with is what the hell are the exit opportunities? Once valuation reaches a certain degree - corporate acquisition from a strategic buyer becomes a tougher option. So an IPO then? There haven't been that many that have gone that route - and going there requires much more financial transparency and disclosure than these companies are used to. I don't know what the answer will be for these companies, but as long as valuations keep going up and the money is easy, I'm not sure anyone is asking.
Then I read this today
Silicon Valley insiders are taking advantage of soaring values for technology startups by creating a potentially lucrative side business.
Venture-capital firms such as Andreessen Horowitz and FirstMark Capital, along with a cast of prominent entrepreneurs and executives, have each raised tens of millions of dollars for impromptu funds that take a direct stake in a single startup.
These funds, which often come together in a matter of days, give institutional investors, friends and business associates exclusive access to highflying companies. The funds also let the venture capitalists invest far more money in a company than they otherwise could. In many cases, the funds are blessed by the startups, which see them as a way to raise big sums quickly.
If you don't want to read the article - I'll summarize. VCs are creating side vehicles to their funds to raise additional capital for specific startups. Their existing funds are too small for such increasing valuations - so they go to existing LPs or other investors directly - to raise capital for a company they've already put money behind. For potential investors - there's very little information shared about the startup, and they still have to pay similar carried interest to the VC (even though the work of sourcing the deal was already done). And investors are literally throwing money at these vehicles.
It boils down to the chance to 'get in' at a super-high valuation startup, with no real data on company performance, and a similarly rich VC fee structure - and the things are oversubscribed in a matter of hours.
Stop this thing, I want to get off.